Outstanding Science | Primary Science Resources for the National Curriculum

Primary Science Resources for the National Curriculum

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KS2 - Year 4 - Electricity

Conductors and insulatorsFree! 

Outstanding Science Year 4 - Electricity | OS4E007

Children learn what electrical conductors and insulators are. Using simple electrical apparatus, they investigate which materials are electrical conductors and which are insulators. If possible, they note the material each object is made from. Children transfer their results from their table to a Venn diagram containing 2 intersecting sets ('electrical conductors' and 'made of metal') and try to identify a relationship.

  • 4e5: recognise some common conductors and insulators, and associate metals with being good conductors.
I can investigate which objects are conductors and which are insulators.
Outstanding Science Year 4 - Electricity | Conductors and insulators

Electrical machines 

Outstanding Science Year 4 - Electricity | OS4E001

Children cut out pictures of 10 familiar household machines. They place them in 2 groups - those that need electricity to work, and those that do not. They think about non-electrical alternatives to electrical machines, and vice versa.

  • 4e1: identify common appliances that run on electricity
I can identify machines which need electricity to work.
Outstanding Science Year 4 - Electricity | Electrical machines

Electrical components 

Outstanding Science Year 4 - Electricity | OS4E002

Children learn about 6 different electrical components - bulb, switch, cell, battery, switch, buzzer and bell. They match each component to its picture, description, and circuit diagram symbol.

  • 4e2: construct a simple series electrical circuit, identifying and naming its basic parts, including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers
I can identify electrical components and their symbols.
Outstanding Science Year 4 - Electricity | Electrical components

Electrical circuits 

Outstanding Science Year 4 - Electricity | OS4E003

Children learn what an electrical circuit is. Using simple apparatus, they look at illustrations of 5 different circuits and attempt to create them. They attempt to create the circuit diagram for each, and explain what happens when each circuit is completed.

  • 4e3: identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit, based on whether or not the lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery
I can create a simple electrical circuit.
Outstanding Science Year 4 - Electricity | Electrical circuits

Working circuits 

Outstanding Science Year 4 - Electricity | OS4E004

Children look at 5 different circuit illustrations. In each circuit, the bulb will not light. Children explain how each circuit can be changed so that the bulb will light. If possible, they test their ideas with simple apparatus. They attempt to draw a circuit diagram for their improved circuits.

  • 4e3: identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit, based on whether or not the lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery
I can predict whether a circuit will work and how it can be fixed.
Outstanding Science Year 4 - Electricity | Working circuits

Electrical switches 

Outstanding Science Year 4 - Electricity | OS4E005

Children learn what an electrical switch is and how it works, by opening and closing a break in a circuit. Children look at 4 different circuit diagrams. They predict and then observe whether the switch will function correctly when placed in different positions in the circuit. They attempt to find a general rule from their findings.

  • 4e4: recognise that a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit
I can explain how an electrical switch works.
Outstanding Science Year 4 - Electricity | Electrical switches

Electricity and safety 

Outstanding Science Year 4 - Electricity | OS4E008

Children learn that mains electricity is more dangerous than the electricity used in Primary Science lessons. They learn that the human body, metal, and water all conduct electrcity. Children look at illustrations of 8 different dangerous situations. They identify what the danger is and how it can be made safe.

  • 4e5: recognise some common conductors and insulators, and associate metals with being good conductors.
I can identify situations when electricity can be dangerous.
Outstanding Science Year 4 - Electricity | Electricity and safety