Children learn what electrical conductors and insulators are. Using simple electrical apparatus, they investigate which materials are electrical conductors and which are insulators. If possible, they note the material each object is made from. Children transfer their results from their table to a Venn diagram containing 2 intersecting sets ('electrical conductors' and 'made of metal') and try to identify a relationship.
Children cut out pictures of 10 familiar household machines. They place them in 2 groups - those that need electricity to work, and those that do not. They think about non-electrical alternatives to electrical machines, and vice versa.
Children learn about 6 different electrical components - bulb, switch, cell, battery, switch, buzzer and bell. They match each component to its picture, description, and circuit diagram symbol.
Children learn what an electrical circuit is. Using simple apparatus, they look at illustrations of 5 different circuits and attempt to create them. They attempt to create the circuit diagram for each, and explain what happens when each circuit is completed.
Children look at 5 different circuit illustrations. In each circuit, the bulb will not light. Children explain how each circuit can be changed so that the bulb will light. If possible, they test their ideas with simple apparatus. They attempt to draw a circuit diagram for their improved circuits.
Children learn what an electrical switch is and how it works, by opening and closing a break in a circuit. Children look at 4 different circuit diagrams. They predict and then observe whether the switch will function correctly when placed in different positions in the circuit. They attempt to find a general rule from their findings.
Children learn that mains electricity is more dangerous than the electricity used in Primary Science lessons. They learn that the human body, metal, and water all conduct electrcity. Children look at illustrations of 8 different dangerous situations. They identify what the danger is and how it can be made safe.