I can investigate which objects are conductors and which are insulators.
Using simple electrical apparatus, children investigate which materials are electrical conductors and which are insulators. If possible, they note the material each object is made from. Children transfer their results from their table to a Venn diagram containing 2 intersecting sets ('electrical conductors' and 'made of metal') and try to identify a relationship.
I can identify machines which need electricity to work.
Children cut out pictures of 10 familiar household machines. They place them in 2 groups - those that need electricity to work, and those that do not. They think about non-electrical alternatives to electrical machines, and vice versa.
I can identify electrical components and their symbols.
Children learn about 6 different electrical components - bulb, switch, cell, battery, switch, buzzer and bell. They match each component to its picture, description, and circuit diagram symbol.
I can create a simple electrical circuit.
Using simple apparatus, children look at illustrations of 5 different circuits and attempt to create them. They attempt to create the circuit diagram for each, and explain what happens when each circuit is completed.
I can predict whether a circuit will work and how it can be fixed.
Children look at 5 different circuit illustrations. In each circuit, the bulb will not light. Children explain how each circuit can be changed so that the bulb will light. If possible, they test their ideas with simple apparatus. They attempt to draw a circuit diagram for their improved circuits.
I can explain how an electrical switch works.
Children look at 4 different circuit diagrams. They predict and then observe whether the switch will function correctly when placed in different positions in the circuit. They attempt to find a general rule from their findings.
I can identify situations when electricity can be dangerous.
Children look at illustrations of 8 different dangerous situations involving mains electricity in the home. They identify what the danger is and how it can be made safe.