Outstanding Science | Primary Science Resources for the National Curriculum

Primary Science Resources for the National Curriculum

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KS2 - Year 5 Living things and their habitats

Learning objective

I can compare the life cycles of different amphibians.

Children learn about the life cycles of 3 different amphibians - frogs, salamanders and axolotls. They create 3 life cycle diagrams, adding their own explanations and diagrams or cutting and pasting those provided. They compare the life cycles of these amphibians.

  • 5a1: describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird
Some amphibians undergo metamorphosis during their life cycle, but some, such as the axolotl, do not.
Amphibians must lay their eggs in water.
Year 5 Living things and their habitats | Outstanding Science

Mammal life cycles Worksheet

Outstanding Science Year 5 | Living things and their habitats | OS5A001

Learning objective

I can compare the life cycles of different mammals.

Children learn about the life cycles of 3 different mammals - the human, the kangaroo, and the platypus. They create a life cycle diagram for each mammal, writing their own descriptions and either cutting and pasting pictures or drawing their own. They discuss similarities and differences between the life cycles of these mammals.

  • 5a1: describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird
Placental mammals, including humans, are nourished in the womb by a placenta.
Kangaroos do not have a placenta but nourish their young in a pouch.
The platypus is an unusual mammal because it lays eggs and has no nipples.
Year 5 Living things and their habitats | Outstanding Science

Insect life cycles Worksheet

Outstanding Science Year 5 | Living things and their habitats | OS5A003

Learning objective

I can compare the life cycles of different insects.

Children learn about the lifecycle of the butterfly and two different species of bee - the honey bee and the mason bee. They create 3 life cycle diagrams, one for each insect, and compare them.

  • 5a1: describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird
In colonies of eusocial insects such as honey bees, not all individuals are capable of reproducing.
Most insects lay eggs and undergo metamorphosis during their life cycle.
Year 5 Living things and their habitats | Outstanding Science

Bird life cycles Worksheet

Outstanding Science Year 5 | Living things and their habitats | OS5A004

Learning objective

I can compare the life cycles of different birds.

Children learn about the life cycles of the chicken and the common cuckoo. They create two life cycle diagrams, describing each stage in their own words, and compare them.

  • 5a1: describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird
Birds lay eggs.
Eggs do not start to develop until the parent incubates them.
Year 5 Living things and their habitats | Outstanding Science

Comparing animal life cycles Worksheet

Outstanding Science Year 5 | Living things and their habitats | OS5A005

Learning objective

I can compare the life cycles of mammals, amphibians, insects and birds.

Through a 2-player game, children explore different ways of sorting animals according to their life cycles. Using 9 challenge cards containing descriptions such as 'undergo metamorphosis' and 'are eusocial', children sort 10 different animals. They discuss which grouping was most difficult and attempt to create their own challenge cards.

  • 5a1: describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird
Animals can be grouped according to whether they lay eggs, undergo metamorphosis, and how they reproduce.
Year 5 Living things and their habitats | Outstanding Science

Flowering plant reproduction Worksheet

Outstanding Science Year 5 | Living things and their habitats | OS5A006

Learning objective

I can describe how flowering plants reproduce.

Children label a diagram of a flower and carpel and complete an explanation text showing how flowering plants reproduce.

  • 5a2: describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.
The flower is the reproductive part of a flowering plant.
The main parts of a flower include the petal, anther, sepal, carpel, stigma, style, ovary, pollen grain, pollen tube and ovule.
Year 5 Living things and their habitats | Outstanding Science

Investigating vegetative reproduction Investigation

Outstanding Science Year 5 | Living things and their habitats | OS5A007

Learning objective

I can investigate whether a new plant will grow from cuttings.

By cutting up a plant such as a potato or tomato plant, children investigate which parts will grow into a new individual.

  • 5a2: describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.
A piece broken off from a plant can grow into another individual. This is a form of asexual reproduction.
Cuttings removed from a plant develop into genetically identical individuals (clones).
Year 5 Living things and their habitats | Outstanding Science

Animal reproduction Worksheet

Outstanding Science Year 5 | Living things and their habitats | OS5A008

Learning objective

I can explain how animals reproduce sexually.

Children explain the process of animal reproduction, including the stages of sperm and egg production, mating, fertilisation, and the growth of a zygote into an embryo.

  • 5a2: describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.
Almost all large animals reproduce sexually.
Offspring inherit the traits of their parents.
When a sperm cell fertilises an egg, the resulting zygote can grow into an embryo.
Year 5 Living things and their habitats | Outstanding Science