Outstanding Science | Primary Science Resources for the National Curriculum

Primary Science Resources for the National Curriculum

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KS2 - Year 6 - Animals, including humans

BloodFree! 

Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | OS6B003

Children learn about the different components of blood. They learn that red blood cells carry oxygen, white blood cells fight infection, platelets help to prevent bleeding, and that plasma is the medium in which these components are suspended. Children describe the functions of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasma, and create a pie chart showing the percentage of each component by volume in a typical sample of blood.

  • 6b1: identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood
I can describe the functions of blood and blood vessels.
Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | Blood

The human circulatory system 

Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | OS6B001

Children learn that the human circulatory system is composed of 2 parts - the systemic circulation and the pulmonary circulation. They learn about the role of the heart, blood vessels, and the components of blood such as red and white blood cells, platelets and plasma. In the writing frame provided, children create an information text on the human circulatory system using what they have learned.

  • 6b1: identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood
I can identify the main parts of the human circulatory system and explain their functions.
Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | The human circulatory system

The human heart 

Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | OS6B002

Children learn that the human heart is a vital organ. They learn how blood flows through its double pumps system to the lungs and all around the body, supplying oxygen and removing waste products. They create their own 8-part explanation text, showing how blood is pumped around the body. They cut and paste, or write their own descriptions.

  • 6b1: identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood
I can explain how the human heart works.
Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | The human heart

Investigating heart rate 

Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | OS6B004

Children learn to measure their heart rate in beats per minute (bpm) by taking their radial pulse. They take and record their resting heart rate, then perform a vigorous exercise and measure their heart rate afterwards at an interval of 1 minute for 8 minutes. Children record their results in a table and transfer them to a line graph. Children interpret their results, discussing how their heart rate changed over time and why.

  • 6b2: recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function
I can investigate the effect of exercise on heart rate.
Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | Investigating heart rate

Alcoholic drinks 

Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | OS6B005

Children learn about the active ingredient in alcoholic drinks (alcohol or ethanol), and that the strength of a beverage can be measured as the percentage alcohol by volume (% ABV). They learn about the short and long-term effects of alcohol consumption. Children look at 16 different servings of different alcoholic drinks. Using the serving size and %ABV, they calculate how much alcohol (in ml) and how many units of alcohol are in each beverage. They place the beverages in order of strength. Children discuss why people drink alcohol if it has negative health effects.

  • 6b2: recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function
I can calculate how much alcohol is in different alcoholic beverages.
Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | Alcoholic drinks

The effects of smoking 

Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | OS6B006

Children learn that smoking involves inhaling tobacco smoke which contains the active ingredient, nicotine. They learn about the many health issues associated with smoking, such as cancer, heart damage, lung damage, and reproductive damage. They learn about other negative effects such as the unpleasant smell, high cost, and effects on the skin. Children carry out a survey, using a tally chart to find out the worst side effect of smoking. They transfer their results to a bar chart and place the negative effects in order of concern.

  • 6b2: recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function
I can describe the effects of smoking.
Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | The effects of smoking

Diet and exercise 

Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | OS6B007

Children learn that our bodies are constantly using energy, and that we get all of our energy from food. They learn that we can store excess foor energy in our bodies in the form of fat deposits to help us in times of starvation. Children look at 6 different people profiles. They calculate whether each person is eating the right amount of food, and suggest ways in which they can improve their lifestyles.

    I can explain how diet and exercise affect body weight.
    Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | Diet and exercise

    The benefits of exercise 

    Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | OS6B008

    Children learn about the many benefits of physical exercise, and identify some aerobic exercises. Children carry out a survey, identifying the most popular forms of exercise in their class or school. They record their results in a tally chart, displaying their results in a horizontal bar chart. They identify the most popular forms of exercise and suggest ways in which they can be promoted in school.

      I can research the preferred forms of exercise in our class.
      Outstanding Science Year 6 - Animals, including humans | The benefits of exercise