Outstanding Science | Primary Science Resources for the National Curriculum

Primary Science Resources for the National Curriculum

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KS2 - Year 6 Animals, including humans

Learning objective

I can describe the functions of blood and blood vessels.

Children describe the functions of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasma, and create a pie chart showing the percentage of each component by volume in a typical sample of blood.

  • 6b1: identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood
Blood contains several components with different functions.
Red blood cells carry oxygen.
White blood cells fight infection.
Platelets help to prevent bleeding.
Plasma is the medium in which other blood components are suspended.
Year 6 Animals, including humans | Outstanding Science

The human circulatory system Worksheet

Outstanding Science Year 6 | Animals, including humans | OS6B001

Learning objective

I can identify the main parts of the human circulatory system and explain their functions.

They learn about the role of the heart, blood vessels, and the components of blood such as red and white blood cells, platelets and plasma. In the writing frame provided, children create an information text on the human circulatory system using what they have learned.

  • 6b1: identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood
The human circulatory system is composed of two parts - the systemic circulation and the pulmonary circulation.
The pulmonary circulatory system pumps deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs, where the blood is reoxygenated and pumped back to the heart.
The systemic circulatory system pumps oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body and pumps deoxygenated blood back to the heart.
Year 6 Animals, including humans | Outstanding Science

The human heart Worksheet

Outstanding Science Year 6 | Animals, including humans | OS6B002

Learning objective

I can explain how the human heart works.

Children create their own 8-part explanation text, showing how blood is pumped around the body. They cut and paste, or write their own descriptions.

  • 6b1: identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood
The human heart is a vital organ.
Blood flows through the heart's double pumps system to the lungs and all around the body, supplying oxygen and removing waste products.
Low-oxygen blood from around the body flows into the right atrium, then the right ventricle, then to the lungs (where it becomes oxygenated), then back to the left atrium, then the left ventricle, from where the oxygenated blood is pumped around the body.
Year 6 Animals, including humans | Outstanding Science

Investigating heart rate Investigation

Outstanding Science Year 6 | Animals, including humans | OS6B004

Learning objective

I can investigate the effect of exercise on heart rate.

Children learn to measure their heart rate in beats per minute (bpm) by taking their radial pulse. They take and record their resting heart rate, then perform a vigorous exercise and measure their heart rate afterwards at an interval of 1 minute for 8 minutes. Children record their results in a table and transfer them to a line graph. Children interpret their results, discussing how their heart rate changed over time and why.

  • 6b2: recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function
The human body adjusts its heart rate to support periods of increased oxygen requirements.
Year 6 Animals, including humans | Outstanding Science

Alcoholic drinks Worksheet

Outstanding Science Year 6 | Animals, including humans | OS6B005

Learning objective

I can calculate how much alcohol is in different alcoholic beverages.

Children learn about the short and long-term effects of alcohol consumption. Children look at 16 different servings of different alcoholic drinks. Using the serving size and %ABV, they calculate how much alcohol (in ml) and how many units of alcohol are in each beverage. They place the beverages in order of strength. Children discuss why people drink alcohol if it has negative health effects.

  • 6b2: recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function
The active ingredient in alcoholic beverages is ethanol, also known as alcohol.
The strength of an alcoholic beverage can be measured as the percentage alcohol by volume (% ABV).
The short-term effects of alcohol include (in order of increased intoxication) increased euphoria, lowered inhibitions and anxiety, slurred speech, impaired judgement, balance problems, blurred vision, dizziness, vomiting, unconsciousness, irregular breathing, alcohol poisoning and death.
Indirect effects of alcohol intoxication include violence and traffic accidents.
The long-term effects of alcohol intoxication include dependence (addiction), and brain and liver damage.
Alcohol consumption while pregnant is extremely dangerous for the foetus.
Year 6 Animals, including humans | Outstanding Science

The effects of smoking Worksheet

Outstanding Science Year 6 | Animals, including humans | OS6B006

Learning objective

I can describe the effects of smoking.

Children carry out a survey, using a tally chart to find out the worst side effect of smoking. They transfer their results to a bar chart and place the negative effects in order of concern.

  • 6b2: recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function
Smoking involves inhaling tobacco smoke which contains the active ingredient, nicotine.
Nicotine is highly addictive.
Health issues associated with smoking include cancer, heart damage, lung damage, and reproductive damage.
Other negative effects of smoking include the unpleasant smell, high cost, and effects on the skin.
Year 6 Animals, including humans | Outstanding Science

Diet and exercise Worksheet

Outstanding Science Year 6 | Animals, including humans | OS6B007

Learning objective

I can explain how diet and exercise affect body weight.

Children look at 6 different people profiles. They calculate whether each person is eating the right amount of food, and suggest ways in which they can improve their lifestyles.

    Our bodies are constantly using energy.
    We get all of our energy from food.
    Humans and some other animals can store surplus food energy in the form of fat deposits to help in times of starvation.
    Obesity is a condition where the body accumulates excess fat to the extent that it has a negative impact on health.
    Year 6 Animals, including humans | Outstanding Science

    The benefits of exercise Worksheet

    Outstanding Science Year 6 | Animals, including humans | OS6B008

    Learning objective

    I can research the preferred forms of exercise in our class.

    Children learn about the many benefits of physical exercise, and identify some aerobic exercises. Children carry out a survey, identifying the most popular forms of exercise in their class or school. They record their results in a tally chart, displaying their results in a horizontal bar chart. They identify the most popular forms of exercise and suggest ways in which they can be promoted in school.

      The benefits of physical exercise include increased happiness and confidence, increased muscle strength, improved circulation, stronger heart and lungs, better posture, easier weight maintenance/weight loss, and longevity.
      Year 6 Animals, including humans | Outstanding Science