Outstanding Science | Primary Science Resources for the National Curriculum

Primary Science Resources for the National Curriculum

contact@outstandingscience.co.uk | 0151 228 8160

KS2 - Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance

The evolution gameFree! 

Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | OS6C005

Children play a game, modelling the process of evolution by natural selection. They use a die to model the effects of predation and mutation. They observe how a population can change over time due to these natural processes. They try to explain how these processed are modelled in the game.

  • 6c2: recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but normally offspring vary and are not identical to their parents
I can model the process of evolution by natural selection.
Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | The evolution game

Mary Anning 

Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | OS6C001

Children learn about the life and work of the early palaeontologist, Mary Anning. They use what they have learned to create an interview text, imagining themselves as Mary, answering questions such as 'What do your fossils tell us?' and 'Do you think you received enough recognition for you finds?'

  • 6c1: recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago
I can explain how Mary Anning contributed to our understanding of fossils.
Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | Mary Anning

The fossil record 

Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | OS6C002

Children learn what fossils are and how they are formed. They learn how palaeontologists build up a picture of the past using incomplete evidence, most organisms die without leaving a fossil trace. They learn about stratigraphy, and that organisms found in lower layers of rock tend to have died earlier. Children use a diagram showing a simplified cross-section of rock to date 3 different organisms, working out when they appeared, when they died out, and how long they lived for. Children compare the organisms to each other and discuss which lived most recently. Using fossil evidence, children make their best guess at how the animal may have looked when alive, showing this in a diagram.

  • 6c1: recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago
I can explain what the fossil record tells us about the past.
Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | The fossil record

Charles Darwin 

Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | OS6C003

Children read a fictitious autobiography of Charles Darwin. They learn about his early life, his role in the voyage of the HMS Beagle, his relationship with Alfred Russel Wallace, and how he developed and published his theory of natural selection. Children use the information in the autobiography to create their own third-person information text about the life of Charles Darwin.

  • 6c2: recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but normally offspring vary and are not identical to their parents
I can explain how Darwin developed the theory of natural selection.
Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | Charles Darwin

Natural Selection 

Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | OS6C004

Children learn about the process of evolution by natural selection. They learn that offspring inherit traits of their parents, and that they might occasionally carry a random mutation which gives them a survival advantage and that they pass on to their own offspring. They learn that this process can change a population over time. Children sue what they have learned to create an explanation text. They cut and paste the diagrams and explanations provided, or create their own

  • 6c2: recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but normally offspring vary and are not identical to their parents
I can explain the process of evolution by natural selection.
Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | Natural Selection

Heredity 

Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | OS6C006

Children learn that offpsring inherit traits from their parents, and that organisms that reproduce sexually combine traits from two parents. Children learn about human-created hybrids. They create a simple family tree for a range of organisms - the labradoodle, the mule, the zonkey and the loganberry, and discuss which traits they have inherited from their different-species parents.

  • 6c2: recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but normally offspring vary and are not identical to their parents
I can identify features that individuals have inherited from their parents.
Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | Heredity

Animal adaptations 

Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | OS6C007

Children learn that over time, the process of natural selection can cause a range of beneficial traits (adaptations) to build up in a population. They look at the polar bear, barn owl and penguin, identify three useful adaptations, and explain the survival advantage that they provide. There is also a blank sheet so that children can research another animal's adaptations.

  • 6c3: identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution.
I can explain how some animals are adapted to their environment.
Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | Animal adaptations

Plant adaptations 

Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | OS6C008

Children learn that all organisms possess adaptations, not just animals. Children examine 3 plants - the dandelion, cactus, and Venus fly trap - and identify 3 adaptations for each. There is a blank sheet so that children can research another plant and describe its adaptations.

  • 6c3: identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution.
I can explain how some plants are adapted to their environment.
Outstanding Science Year 6 - Evolution and inheritance | Plant adaptations