Outstanding Science | Primary Science Resources for the National Curriculum

Primary Science Resources for the National Curriculum

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KS2 - Year 6 Electricity

Learning objective

I can describe the function of electrical components and match them to their symbols.

Children learn about the appearance and function of different electrical components, including switches, bulbs, buzzers, motors, cells and wires. They match pictures of each component to their electrical symbols. They cut and paste descriptions of how each component functions, or write their own.

  • 6e3: use recognised symbols when representing a simple circuit in a diagram.
Year 6 Electricity | Outstanding Science

Electrical cells Investigation

Outstanding Science Year 6 | Electricity | OS6E001

Learning objective

I can investigate the effect of changing the number and voltage of cells in an electrical circuit.

Children learn that electrical cells produce a flow of electrons (current) through the reaction of 2 chemicals inside them. They learn that one measure of the power of a cell is voltage (V) and that connecting cells in series adds their voltages together. Children investigate the effect of changing the number of cells in a circuit. They create the circuits shown in the illustrations, attempt to draw the circuit diagrams, and explain what they observed. They attempt to place the circuits in order of brightness and explain why.

  • 6e1: associate the brightness of a lamp or the volume of a buzzer with the number and voltage of cells used in the circuit
Year 6 Electricity | Outstanding Science

Comparing circuits Investigation

Outstanding Science Year 6 | Electricity | OS6E002

Learning objective

I can investigate the effect of changing the number of bulbs and the voltage of cells in an electrical circuit.

Children look at 6 circuit diagrams. They predict how bright the bulbs will be in each circuit and place them in order of brightness. Using simple apparatus, they construct the circuits shown in the diagrams and test their predictions. They try to explain what they observed.

  • 6e1: associate the brightness of a lamp or the volume of a buzzer with the number and voltage of cells used in the circuit
Year 6 Electricity | Outstanding Science

Making a wire loop game Investigation

Outstanding Science Year 6 | Electricity | OS6E003

Learning objective

I can create a wire loop game and explain how it works.

Using the template and illustration provided, children create their own wire loop game. They attempt to get the wand from one end of the loop to the other without triggering the bulb or buzzer. Children explain how their game functions and attempt to draw a circuit diagram for their game.

  • 6e2: compare and give reasons for variations in how components function, including the brightness of bulbs, the loudness of buzzers and the on/off position of switches
Year 6 Electricity | Outstanding Science

Making a burglar alarm Investigation

Outstanding Science Year 6 | Electricity | OS6E004

Learning objective

I can create an electrical burglar alarm and explain how it works.

Using the illustration provided, children construct their own burglar alarm. They construct their own switch using a clothes peg and a card insulator which is attached to the area being surveilled. Children draw a circuit diagram for their burglar alarm and explain how it works.

  • 6e2: compare and give reasons for variations in how components function, including the brightness of bulbs, the loudness of buzzers and the on/off position of switches
Year 6 Electricity | Outstanding Science

Making traffic lights Investigation

Outstanding Science Year 6 | Electricity | OS6E005

Learning objective

I can create a set of electrical traffic lights and explain how they function.

Children learn about how traffic lights are central to road safety. They use simple apparatus to construct a set of traffic lights, with a single switch (which they construct themselves) turning two lights on and off in turn. Children create a suitable casing for their traffic lights. They consider how they could construct a 3-way traffic light.

  • 6e2: compare and give reasons for variations in how components function, including the brightness of bulbs, the loudness of buzzers and the on/off position of switches
Year 6 Electricity | Outstanding Science

Functioning circuits Worksheet

Outstanding Science Year 6 | Electricity | OS6E006

Learning objective

I can predict whether an electrical circuit will function and suggest ways of improving it.

Children look at 5 different defective circuit illustrations. They explain why each circuit will not work. They change each circuit so that it will work, showing this in a circuit diagram. They test their improvements with simple apparatus.

  • 6e2: compare and give reasons for variations in how components function, including the brightness of bulbs, the loudness of buzzers and the on/off position of switches
Year 6 Electricity | Outstanding Science

Electrical symbols Worksheet

Outstanding Science Year 6 | Electricity | OS6E008

Learning objective

I can use symbols to create circuit diagrams to represent electrical circuits.

Children learn that electrical components can be represented by symbols in circuit diagrams. They learn that wires are always shown as unbroken horizontal or vertical lines. Children look at 8 different circuit illustrations. They draw an accurate circuit diagram for each illustration and, if possible, create the circuit using simple apparatus.

  • 6e3: use recognised symbols when representing a simple circuit in a diagram.
Year 6 Electricity | Outstanding Science